Thanks to the Medici family, Florence becomes the cradle of the Renaissance and Italian humanism. An enchanting city is full of riddles, symbols, inventions, and secrets…
Between 1400 and 1500 it placed itself in a position of strong estrangement with the commercial and cultural hegemony of the Church of Rome, thanks to its mercantile tradition and its vocation to trade. It also developed an alternative banking system for the Vatican one.
Thanks to this strength and economic independence, Florence became a fulcrum of elaboration for new philosophical, artistic, magical and alchemical ideas.
This simply put meant that at the center of the life of the universe was not God as the ‘transcendent creative power’, but the human being - when evolved to perfection by the search for the virtues contained in it.
Concept of Man and god
The esoteric roots of this conception of man understood as a measure of all things were taken from the classical and ancestral traditions.
This concept influenced not only the philosophical thought that was born on the basis of 'Neoplatonic Academy, whose roots are still present in the School of Marsilio in Florence Ficino, reworking the classical ideas of Greek philosophy, re-enacting them and also connecting them with Christian revelation, but in a modern sense that shifts the focus towards Man rather than towards Divinity.
Hermetic Influence on the golden age of Florence
In the mid-1400s mysterious texts attributed to Hermes Trismegistus were discovered and brought to Florence, however referring to the hermetic tradition, in these writings a conception of man as pope is proposed, or as a creative element, and to be imaginative, capable of thinking symbols and therefore to create through his thought a direct relationship with transcendence. These hermetic texts such as the Asclepius and the Pimandro greatly influence the nascent culture of this Golden Age of Florence.
The world of commerce, the Arts, architecture, painting, and writing transform Florence into a self-sufficient center in many respects from the hegemony of Rome and papal inspiration. Florence thus becomes a place where many thinkers, astrologers, magicians, alchemists, and illustrious characters find refuge, who have intertwined different currents of thought, from neognosticism to kabbalah, overcoming those that were the limits imposed by the prevailing religious visions and searching for points of union that highlight a new position of man in creation.
Renaissance thought tends to rediscover the common roots of the human being beyond the religious habit by finding the points of contact with the universal truths also present in Christian thought, revolutionizing and universalizing its scope.
All this has helped to make Florence a city of great fame well past its time, as if it were inhabited by geniuses from other eras and places, making it the symbol of Italian art, as well as the cradle of the magical Italian language. Visiting in Florence, therefore, means going to the roots of Renaissance thought, dealing with the eternal values of beauty, harmony, virtue, mystery and knowledge.